Conservation of the environment was taught to all of us in the social sciences books when we studied in school. But since the time we left school, we have forgotten that we now have to act on what we were taught. We read about conserving our environment but we forget to do what is in our hands to save it.
Water scarcity in our country is already a major problem. There are parts of our country which are turning into deserts for months. In rains they flood and for the rest of the year they don’t even see a single drop of water. The vast river beds have dried up over the period of time and almost 25% of our country has now become a desert.
Why Did The Rivers Dry?
Most of the rivers of India were perennial, which means that they used to flow throughout the year with the help of water stored in their beds beneath the surface of the earth. Currently, the major rivers like Narmada, Caveri, Godavari, Krishna have become seasonal. They flow when the rains feed them and then they dry up. The reason is the Absence of Trees around them. On both the sides of the river, the presence of trees is the only factor which can make them perennial.
Know The Facts
- 25% of India is very rapidly turning into a desert.
- In 15-20 years, we may have only half the water we need.
- The Ganga which is the source of water to North India, is one of the most endangered rivers in the world.
- Last year the Godavari was dry along much of its length.
- The Cauveri has lost 40% of its flow. Krishna and Narmada have lost around 60% of their water.
How It Will Change Your Life?
- Rivers make up for almost 65% of our water needs
- 2 out of 3 major cities in India are already dealing with water shortage and end up paying thrice the money for normal drinking water.
- Flood, drought and rivers turning seasonal are the leading factors of crop faliure in our country.
- Climate change is expected to cause more disastrous floods and droughts within the next 25-50 years. Rivers will flood during the monsoon and after the rain ends, drought will follow. These trends can already be seen in many parts of our country.
Here’s How We Can Save Our Rivers
The roots of the trees make the soil around them porous. This porous soil absorbs water and holds it when the rain falls. All throughout the year this water gets slowly released into the river to make it flow.
In the absence of trees, a viscous cycle of floods and droughts occur. During the rainy season, excess rain water will flow and cause floods because the soil lacks it’s porous nature and doesn’t absorb any water. After the rains are over, the water dries up and the soil once again becomes dry failing to nourish the plantation on it’s banks.
Trees along riversides has several benefits according to scientific studies:
- Keep rivers perennial
- Combat drought
- Normalize rainfall
- Improve water quality
- Reduce floods
- Protect biodiversity
- Recharge groundwater
- Prevent soil erosion
- Combat climate change
- Enhance soil quality
This is not a protest; this is not an agitation. This is a campaign to raise awareness among people to Rally For Rivers. It is for everyone who consumes water, a request to do their parts to save the rivers of our country.